Blood is a specialized body fluid. It has four main components: plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
Blood has many different functions, including:
• transporting oxygen and nutrients to the lungs and tissues
• forming blood clots to prevent excess blood loss
• carrying cells and antibodies that fight infection
• bringing waste products to the kidneys and liver, which filter and clean the blood
• regulating body temperature
The blood that runs through the veins, arteries and capillaries is known as whole blood, a mixture of about 55 percent plasma and 45 percent blood cells
The liquid component of blood is called plasma, a mixture of water, sugar, fat, protein, and salts.
The main job of the plasma is to transport blood cells throughout your body along with nutrients,
waste products, antibodies, clotting proteins, chemical messengers such as hormones, and
proteins that help maintain the body's fluid balance.
RED BLOOD CELLS (ALSO CALLED ERYTHROCYTES OR RBCS)
Known for their bright red colour, red cells are the most abundant cell in the blood, accounting for about 40 to 45 percent of its volume. Red cells contain a special protein called haemoglobin, which helps carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body and then returns carbon dioxide from the body to the lungs so it can be exhaled. Blood appears red because of the large number of red blood cells, which get their colour from the haemoglobin.
WHITE BLOOD CELLS (ALSO CALLED LEUKOCYTES)
White blood cells protect the body from infection. They are much fewer in number than red blood cells, accounting for about 1 percent of your blood.
PLATELETS (ALSO CALLED THROMBOCYTES)
Unlike red and white blood cells, platelets are not actually cells but rather small fragments of cells. Platelets help the blood clotting process (or coagulation) by gathering at the site of an injury, sticking to the lining of the injured blood vessel, and forming a platform on which blood coagulation can occur.
See link to our articles for more on mild Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy and the benefits of Hydrogen.
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